Divan Japonais. April Jack Smith. Flaming Creatures. Rose Hobart. Untitled Mlle Bourgeoise Noire. Meshes of the Afternoon. Wifredo Lam. The Jungle. A low-budget movie, especially one made for use as a companion to the main attraction in a double feature. Related: Jack Smith. The area of an artwork that appears farthest away from the viewer; also, the area against which a figure or scene is placed.
Picasso's Early Life
Double Elvis. Gold Marilyn Monroe. Art Make-Up: No. The Poet Max Herrmann-Neisse. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Montroig, July —winter Julia Margaret Cameron. Madonna with Children. Head Marilyn Monroe, actress, New York. May 6, Modern Portraits Vincent van Gogh. Portrait of Joseph Roulin. The Starry Night. A term meaning extravagant, complex; applied to a style in art and architecture developed in Europe from the early seventeenth to mid-eighteenth century, emphasizing dramatic, often strained effect and typified by bold, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts.
The school of art and design founded in Germany by Walter Gropius in , and shut down by the Nazis in The faculty brought together artists, architects, and designers, and developed an experimental pedagogy that focused on materials and functions rather than traditional art school methodologies. In its successive incarnations in Weimar, Dessau, and Berlin, it became the site of influential conversations about the role of modern art and design in society.
A member of the Beat Generation, a group of American writers and artists popular in the s and early s, influenced by Eastern philosophy and religion and known especially for their use of nontraditional forms and their rejection of conventional social values. Related: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
Colored dots generally in four colors: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black used to create shading and secondary colors in the mechanical reproduction of images. Related: Roy Lichtenstein. Related: Francis Picabia. Derived from the Greek words bios life and morphe form , a term referring to abstract forms or images that evoke associations with living forms such as plants and the human body. Comprised of an armature of wooden planks covered with tar paper, the structure was set on tracks so that it could be moved into optimal sunlight and outfitted with a roof made of panels that could be raised or lowered to control the amount of light coming in.
Related: Edison Films W. Dickson and William Heise. Blacksmithing Scene.
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- An Uncommon Conversation;
- Abstract Expressionism.
Related: Barnett Newman. The Voice. Related: Design. An empire of the eastern Mediterranean region, dating from AD , when the Roman Empire was partitioned into eastern and western portions. Its extent varied greatly over the centuries, but its core remained the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor. The empire collapsed when its capital, Constantinople, fell to the Ottoman Turks in Related: Halil Altindere. Related: Yun-Fei Ji. Three Gorges Dam Migration. Home Is a Foreign Place. A group of artistic, literary, or musical works that are generally accepted as representing a field.
A closely woven, sturdy cloth of hemp, cotton, linen, or a similar fiber, frequently stretched over a frame and used as a surface for painting. Vir Heroicus Sublimis. Evening, Honfleur. Landscape at Collioure. One: Number 31, What Is Painting. Still Life with Apples. The Persistence of Memory. A rendering, usually a drawing, of a person or thing with exaggerated or distorted features, meant to satirize the subject.
Related: Vincent van Gogh. Small handheld photographic cards, first popularized in the s. Inexpensive and mass-produced, these cards depicted individual or celebrity portraits, and were popularly traded or collected in albums. Related: Mathew B. Brady studio of.
President Lincoln. The first synthetic plastic material, developed in the s and s from a combination of camphor and nitrocellulose. Tough, flexible, and moldable, it was used to make many mass-produced items, including photographic film for both still and motion picture cameras. Despite its flammability and tendency to discolor and crack with age, celluloid was used in motion picture production until the s, when it began to be replaced by cellulose-acetate safety film. The act, process, or practice of examining books, films, or other material to remove or suppress what is considered morally, politically, or otherwise objectionable.
Related: Pablo Picasso. A technique, used in conjunction with printmaking processes such as etching or lithography, that results in a two-layered paper support: a tissue-thin paper, cut to the size of the printing plate, and a larger, thicker support paper below. Both the tissue and the support sheet are placed on top of the inked plate and run together through the printing press, sometimes with a thin layer of adhesive between them to reinforce the bond produced through the pressure of the press.
The process creates a subtle, delicate backdrop to the printed image. Chine is the French word for China, referring to the fact that the thin paper originally used with this technique was imported from China. In addition to China, paper was also imported from India or Japan. Related: Rirkrit Tiravanija. Untitled — the map of the land of feeling I—III. The art of creating and arranging dances or ballets; a work created by this art. A person who creates choreography is called a choreographer. Related: Emily Roysdon. Sense and Sense.
Der Triumph des Willens Triumph of the Will. Kristina Talking Pictures. Trio A. Photographs made from a positive color transparency or a negative. The color is achieved in the print by the layering of silver salts sensitized to the three primary colors: red, yellow, and blue. After each emulsified layer has been exposed, colors emerge in a chemical development process. The person who sets up both camera and lighting for each shot in a film, the cinematographer has a major influence over the look and feel of a shot or scene, and is often as highly esteemed as the director.
Cinematography is the art of positioning a camera and lighting a scene. Related: Barbara Kopple. Harlan County U. An individual who helps guide and shape the future development of a community. A city planner considers environmental and social issues, and what kinds of resources are needed to improve the quality of life for the community residents, particularly in terms of what types of new building projects may be necessary. The principles embodied in the styles, theories, or philosophies of the art of ancient Greece and Rome.
Related: Earle Dickson. Merz Picture 32 A. The Cherry Picture. Two Children Are Threatened by a Nightingale. Yayoi Kusama. Accumulation of Stamps, The perceived hue of an object, produced by the manner in which it reflects or emits light into the eye. Also, a substance, such as a dye, pigment, or paint, that imparts a hue. Related: Adolph Gottlieb. Man Looking at Woman. Map of the World. Mapping the Internet. Street, Dresden. Interior, Mother and Sister of the Artist.
Map of America. Hans Tietze and Erica Tietze-Conrat. Modern Landscapes Vasily Kandinsky. Paintings of large areas of color, typically with no strong contrasts of tone or obvious focus of attention. A decorative or structural feature, most often composed of stone, typically having a cylindrical or polygonal shaft. Related: Robert Rauschenberg. Related: Alighiero Boetti.
Colors located opposite one another on the color wheel. When mixed together, complementary colors produce a shade of gray or brown. When one stares at a color for a sustained period of time then looks at a white surface, an afterimage of the complementary color will appear.
Related: Henri Matisse. Interior with a Young Girl Girl Reading. The arrangement of the individual elements within a work of art so as to form a unified whole; also used to refer to a work of art, music, or literature, or its structure or organization. Horses Resting. My Pacific Polynesian Culture. Pablo Picasso. To Lift. Vincent van Gogh. Art that emerged in the late s, emphasizing ideas and theoretical practices rather than the creation of visual forms.
Related: Daniel Buren. Cut Piece. Pitcher and Creamer. Vermelha Chair. Developed by the Russian avant-garde at the time of the October Revolution of Declaring that a post-Revolutionary society demanded a radically new artistic language, Constructivist artists, led by Aleksandr Rodchenko, aimed to strip their works of subjective emotional character, eventually even rejecting painting as an individualist bourgeois form. The Constructivist artist was recast as an engineer of a new society, whose practice served a greater social or utilitarian purpose.
Specter of the Gardenia. Related: Ana Mendieta. Nile Born. Paris, June—July Documentary and Propaganda. In photography, the range of light to dark areas in the composition. An image with high contrast will have a greater variability in tonality while a photograph with low contrast will have a more similar range of tones. General agreement on or acceptance of certain practices or attitudes; a widely used and accepted device or technique, as in drama, literature, or visual art.
Related: Bruce Nauman. A steel alloy that develops a rust-like appearance when exposed to weather for several years, eliminating the need for repainting. Because of this quality, it is also called weathering steel. Related: Barnett Newmann. Broken Obelisk. In photography, editing, typically by removing the outer edges of the image. This process may happen in the darkroom or on a computer.
Originally a term of derision used by a critic in , Cubism describes the work of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and those influenced by them. Working side by side, they developed a visual language whose geometric planes and compressed space challenged what had been the defining conventions of representation in Western painting: the relationship between solid and void, figure and ground. Traditional subjects—nudes, landscapes, and still lifes—were reinvented as increasingly fragmented compositions.
Related: Georges Braque. Man with a Guitar. A person, symbol, object, or place that is widely recognized or culturally significant to a large group of people. Related: Celebrity. The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group. Map of an Englishman. Avenue des Acacias, Paris. Montroig, July —winter Juan Downey. Houses at Night.
Blow Inflatable Armchair. Modern Landscapes Wifredo Lam. An artistic and literary movement formed in response to the disasters of World War I —18 and to an emerging modern media and machine culture. Dada artists sought to expose accepted and often repressive conventions of order and logic, favoring strategies of chance, spontaneity, and irreverence. Dada artists experimented with a range of mediums, from collage and photomontage to everyday objects and performance, exploding typical concepts of how art should be made and viewed and what materials could be used.
Related: El Lissitzky. Kurt Schwitters. Dada Movement. Montroig, July —winter Johannes Baader. A daguerreotype uses a silver or silver-coated-copper plate to develop an image in a camera obscura. The image is formed when the light-sensitive plate is exposed to light through a camera lens. A daguerreotype was a unique, direct positive image that could not produce copies. Related: Carrie Mae Weems. Untitled Mother and Daughter. A term describing the abstraction pioneered by the Dutch journal De Stijl The Style , founded in by the painter and architect Theo van Doesburg.
This international group of artists working in all mediums renounced naturalistic representation in favor of a stripped-down formal vocabulary principally consisting of straight lines, rectangular planes, and primary color. In a response to the devastation wreaked by World War I, de Stijl artists aimed to achieve a visual harmony in art that could provide a blueprint for restoring order and balance to everyday life. A term used to describe the design and aesthetics of functional objects with an emphasis on unique and hand-crafted forms often available in limited quantity.
Paris, June—July Design. Formed in in Munich as an association of painters and an exhibiting society led by Vasily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Using a visual vocabulary of abstract forms and prismatic colors, Blaue Reiter artists explored the spiritual values of art as a counter to [what they saw as] the corruption and materialism of their age. The group, which published an influential almanac by the same name, dissolved with the onset of World War I.
Related: Franz Marc. Related: Hector Guimard. The affiliated artists often turned to simplified or distorted forms and unusually strong, unnatural colors to jolt the viewer and provoke an emotional response. Related: Erich Heckel. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. A method of documentary filmmaking developed in the late s and early s in the US and Canada, in which filmmakers sought to capture their subjects as directly as possible. Reducing equipment and crews to bare essentials, they used handheld cameras and attempted to make themselves unobtrusive, allowing life to unfold before the camera.
Pennebaker, and brothers Albert and David Maysles. A photographic term referring to a positive image made directly by exposure to light and by development without the use of a negative. In a direct positive print an image is produced on a surface and then treated chemically to imitate the tonal range of nature. Related: William J.
A genre encompassing nonfiction films intended to capture some aspect of reality, often for the purposes of instruction, education, or the development of a historical record. Related: Dorothea Lange. Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California. In photography and filmmaking, a technique in which film is exposed twice to capture and merge two different images in a single frame. A person who draws plans or designs, often of structures to be built; a person who draws skillfully, especially an artist. Related: Edvard Munch. Paris, June—July Wifredo Lam.
Glenn Ligon. Untitled from the Runaways. Paris, June—July Richard Prince. The Black Factory Archive. An intaglio printmaking technique that creates sharp lines with fuzzy, velvety edges. A diamond-pointed needle is used to incise lines directly into a bare metal printing plate, displacing ridges of metal that adhere to the edges of the incised lines. This displaced metal is called burr. Inking fills the incised lines and clings to the burr.
Damp paper is placed on the plate and run through a press, picking up the ink from the incised lines and the burr, resulting in a characteristically fuzzy line. Related: Max Beckmann. The Grenade Die Granate. Related: Aluminum Company of America.
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Outboard Propeller. Artistic manipulation of the natural landscape, typically though not exclusively enacted on a large scale. A combination of two or more liquids that do not blend easily on their own, such as oil and water. For example, painters can use egg yolk to emulsify oil paint and water. A type of paint made from very fine pigments and resin that form a glossy surface. Also, the application of this paint to a material in order to create a smooth and glossy surface. A photographic print that is bigger than the original negative.
Because enlargements can be made, cameras can remain small and portable yet photographers can still produce big photographic prints. Before the development of enlargement techniques, the size of a photograph was determined by the size of its negative. Transitory written and printed matter receipts, notes, tickets, clippings, etc.
Related: Johannes Baader. An intaglio printmaking technique that creates thin, fluid lines whose effects can vary from graceful and serpentine to tight and scratchy.
An etching needle, a fine-pointed tool, is used to draw on a metal plate that has been coated with a thin layer of waxy ground, making an easy surface to draw though. After removing the coating, the plate is inked, filling only the incised lines. Damp paper is placed on the plate and run through a press, forcing the paper into the incised lines to pick up the ink. Related: Grayson Perry. Otto Dix. The War Der Krieg. Subway Portrait. A facial aspect indicating an emotion; also, the means by which an artist communicates ideas and emotions. Untitled Film Stills. Untitled boy with hand to head.
Vertical Roll. Fresh Widow. May 6, Sol LeWitt. Encompasses varying stylistic approaches that emphasize intense personal expression. Renouncing the stiff bourgeois social values that prevailed at the turn of the 20th century, and rejecting the traditions of the state-sponsored art academies, Expressionist artists turned to boldly simplified or distorted forms and exaggerated, sometimes clashing colors. As Expressionism evolved from the beginning of the 20th century through the early s, its crucial themes and genres reflected deeply humanistic concerns and an ambivalent attitude toward modernity, eventually confronting the devastating experience of World War I and its aftermath.
Related: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. A game in which each participant takes turns writing or drawing on a sheet of paper, folds it to conceal his or her contribution, then passes it to the next player for a further contribution. The game gained popularity in artistic circles during the s, when it was adopted as a technique by artists of the Surrealist movement. Courtyard, 22 rue Quincampoix. A style of painting in the first decade of the 20th century that emphasized strong, vibrant color and bold brushstrokes over realistic or representational qualities.
Central among the loose group of artists were Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. Art seeking to challenge the dominance of men in both art and society, to gain recognition and equality for women artists, and to question assumptions about womanhood. While many of the debates inaugurated in these decades are still ongoing, a younger generation of feminist artists takes an approach incorporating intersecting concerns about race, class, forms of privilege, and gender identity and fluidity.
Both feminism and feminist art continue to evolve. Related: Clyfford Still. Star Doll for Parkett No. Armorial Bearings from No Parking Anytime. A series of moving images, especially those recorded on film and projected onto a screen or other surface noun ; 2. A sheet or roll of a flexible transparent material coated with an emulsion sensitive to light and used to capture an image for a photograph or film noun ; 3. To record on film or video using a movie camera verb. MOV File. Steamboat Willie. A photograph taken during the production of a film that shows a particular moment or scene.
These photographs are often used as advertisements or posters for the film. A specific size and style of a typeface design for example, Arial 12pt bold, or Times New Roman 10pt italics. The term is often confused with typeface, which is a particular design of type. The area of an image—usually a photograph, drawing, or painting—that appears closest to the viewer. Bridge over the Riou. Montroig, July —winter Paul Gauguin. Untitled Stack. Repetition Nineteen III. Bell and Navels. Montroig, July —winter Karl Schmidt-Rottluff.
The Artist Is Present. One Ton Prop House of Cards. Measuring the Universe. Related: David Wark Griffith. Paris, June—July Robert Morris. An object—often utilitarian, manufactured, or naturally occurring—that was not originally designed for an artistic purpose, but has been repurposed in an artistic context.
The method by which information is included or excluded from a photograph, film, or video. A photographer or filmmaker frames an image when he or she points a camera at a subject. A technique that involves rubbing pencil, graphite, chalk, crayon, or another medium onto a sheet of paper that has been placed on top of a textured object or surface. The process causes the raised portions of the surface below to be translated to the sheet. Related: Max Ernst. An Italian movement in art and literature catalyzed by a manifesto published in a newspaper by Italian poet F.
The text celebrated new technology and modernization while advocating for a violent and decisive break from the past. Working in the years just before World War I, the Futurists portrayed their subjects—often humans, machines, and vehicles in motion—with fragmented forms and surfaces that evoke the energy and dynamism of urban life in the early 20th century.
Related: Lorraine O'Grady. A black-and-white photographic print made by exposing paper, which has been made light-sensitive by a coating of gelatin silver halide emulsion, to artificial or natural light; a photographic process invented by Dr. Richard Leach Maddox in A water-based matte paint, sometimes called opaque watercolor, composed of ground pigments and plant-based binders, such as gum Arabic or gum tragacanth.
The opacity of gouache derives from the addition of white fillers, such as clay or chalk, or a higher ratio of pigment to binder. Related: Mona Hatoum. Related: Hong Hao. Characterized by ludicrous, repulsive, or incongruous distortion, as of appearance or manner; ugly, outlandish, or bizarre, as in character or appearance.
A performance, event, or situation considered as art, especially those initiated by the artists group Fluxus in the early s. Such events are often planned, but involve elements of improvisation, may take place in any location, are multidisciplinary, and frequently involve audience participation.
Related: Participation and Audience Involvement. An African American literary, artistic, and intellectual flowering, centered in the New York City neighborhood of Harlem and spanning the s to the mids. Considered one of the most creative periods in American history, it fostered a new African American cultural identity. A pictographic communication system, closely associated with the ancient Egyptians, in which many of the symbols are stylized, recognizable pictures of the things and ideas represented.
Related: Georges-Pierre Seurat. Having the character of an icon, i. April Hong Hao. Subject matter in visual art, often adhering to particular conventions of artistic representation, and imbued with symbolic meanings. Montroig, July —winter Leni Riefenstahl.
The Dream. Hito Steyerl. The Hat Makes the Man. May 6, Richard Prince. Rejecting established styles, the Impressionists began experimenting in the early s with a brighter palette of pure unblended colors, synthetic paints, sketchy brushwork, and subject matter drawn from their direct observations of nature and of everyday life in and around Paris. They worked out of doors, the better to capture the transient effects of sunlight on the scenes before them. With their increased attention to the shifting patterns of light and color, their brushwork became rapid, broken into separate dabs that better conveyed the fleeting quality of light.
In , they held their first group exhibition in Paris. From this criticism, they were mockingly labeled Impressionists. They continued exhibiting together until , at which point many of the core artists were taking their work in new directions. The act of improvising, that is, to make, compose, or perform on the spur of the moment and with little or no preparation. A flat slanting surface, connecting a lower level to a higher level. Examples include slides, ramps, and slopes. A field of design concerned with the aesthetics, form, functionality, and production of manufactured consumer objects.
The period beginning around characterized by a shift away from traditional industry and noted for the abundant publication, consumption, and manipulation of information, especially by computers and computer networks. Related: Hito Steyerl. A form of art, developed in the late s, which involves the creation of an enveloping aesthetic or sensory experience in a particular environment, often inviting active engagement or immersion by the spectator.
Related: Carolee Schneemann. Bleeding Takari II. One and Three Chairs. An art term describing the systematic inquiry into the practices and ethos surrounding art institutions such as art academies, galleries, and museums, often challenging assumed and historical norms of artistic theory and practice.
It often seeks to make visible the historically and socially constructed boundaries between inside and outside and public and private. A general term for metal-plate printmaking techniques, including etching, drypoint, engraving, aquatint, and mezzotint. The practice of designing digital environments, products, systems, and services for human interaction. A discipline of design that focuses on the functional and aesthetic aspects of indoor spaces. Want to build your visibility and sell more books?
Jury Kills Katy Perry’s 'Dark Horse' In Another Controversial Copyright Verdict
Order the book from WD at a discount. Horses jumping off cliffs. Untrained horses used in battle. Horses fear fire and loud noises. Should you mention your age in a query letter? Horses as blocks of wood. Think about what those horses add to their narratives and how that concept can enhance your own writing. Like with any type of writing, do your research and write intelligently. Horses are important, too! I was delighted to come across this post and agree with every word.
I finished reading it at that point. They say write what you know so I have written about horses throughout my books so far and have taken great care to make sure the details are accurate. I laughed at point 1 because this is exactly what I do, I cool the horses on the way back from exercise. When you write you have to be correct because you will lose a reader immediately if they are thrown out of a story by something they know is incorrect. Watch the Unboxing Video. Cart 0. Subscribe To Our Newsletter Stay up to date with our latest product news and offers!
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