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One of the finest shops of its kind, Dusty Groove has been responsible for soundtracking more parties in the USA than pretty much anyone else, and now also run a reissue label that has revived records by Jorge Ben, Gal Costa and Dorothy Ashby among others. Check them out online here. Location: Shop No. Following the Partition of India, the shop relocated to its current spot, atop a shoe shop, in the bustling, hyperactive Chandni Chowk district. Run by Anuj Rajpal, son of original founder Ramesh Rajpal, the shop has become something an institution with both locals and travelling collectors.

Tom D. Morgan, whose photographs are featured above, describes his overwhelming first visit:. Beautiful record artwork, stacks of 7 inches, tens of gramophones and an ambivalent manager Anuj Rajpal, reminiscent of Jack Black in High Fidelity , made the experience one that will not be soon forgotten. Special thanks to Tom D. Morgan for the brilliant photography and research.

Go for: Curated and rare second hand soul, jazz, Brazilian, African and Latin records.

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Paris is full of great small record shops with singular, authentic visions, and Superfly is no different. Active diggers themselves, individual needs are catered for when possible, resulting in a top notch reputation among the international vinyl community. The store is now also the HQ for an active reissue label, bringing to life a wide variety of rare, private press or out of print records from Nigerian funk to Japanese jazz. Not the only shop to visit in the city by a long stretch but certainly one of the most exciting. Location: Antena21 Bldg. Established in , Disk Union today is a sprawling network of vinyl shops spanning Shinjuku, Ochanomizu, Shibuya and since , Osaka city.

Keeping going up for punk, hardcore and heavy metal and various derivatives. Contact: Facebook. Orange Street was the birthplace of reggae. Dennis Brown and Prince Buster were even born there. Its studios, shops and vinyl wagons have all but vanished. The story of Rockers starts with one Augustus Pablo. Reggae music is the greatest thing that Jamaica has ever created. Williams, who tries to strike a balance between keeping the shop current whilst also enshrining its history, is currently refurbishing the building.

Photography: Alexander Richter for Seven Clash. Go for: Dance music from Belgian new wave to Detroit techno, with a sideline in soundtracks and the avant garde. Being located close to one of the biggest ports in the world obviously has its benefits. Open five days a week from Good chunks of the store are dedicated to hip-hop, both foreign and local, as well as soul, funk, jazz, beats and electronic styles. Through the main room is a warehouse space, split across two floors and accessible only via special request.

The store is located in Barranquilla, which used to be called the Golden Gate of Colombia because it served as the gateway into the country. Once the biggest port in Colombia, Barranquilla acted as a melting pot of cultures, goods and also records. At one point Barranquilla could count forty-odd record shops on its bustling streets but today Discolombia is the only store that solely deals in records, the last place to find this unique mix of records. The shop is also home to the classic Colombian label Felito Records. Playing a significant role in this evolution since it opened in is Waterloo Records, a record shop and vinyl hub that has itself expanded from a 1, sq ft space to the spacious 6, sq ft the main store enjoys today.

Proud of its heritage, the store still gives prominent space to Texan musicians, although the remit is now broad and international, carrying new and second hand music across formats, DVDs, magazines, turntables, merchandise and tickets. Vincent to name a few Waterloo has become so much more than just a record shop.

When Phonica Records opened in , it entered an environment of decline. How times have changed. This Oslo store is a mecca for second hand vinyl, and a mythical vortex where time and space takes on new meaning. Not bad for a shop that looks like a budget CD shack from the outside. Come here for jaw-dropping jazz originals, Latin-galore, folk-funk, heavy hip-hop and boogie gems.

No digging required! Go behind the counter with Groove Merchant, as they pick 5 super-rare funk and soul records in our video here.

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By the time he opened a physical space in , Dub Store had already established itself as a world leader in Jamaican music, as one of the only outlets in Japan importing wax direct from Kingston, with a particular ear for the two decades between and With over titles under its belt, the label now distributes to shops around the world, and has in some ways become the de facto home from home for Jamaican music.

Expertly curated with jaw-dropping originals, the shop stock is smaller but way better than your average. Make sure you pop-in to Vintage Voudou next door and why not stick around for a live radio show. The pair had struggled to find certain records and CDs they wanted locally so decided to fill the gap with their own brick-and-mortar. At the time there was a dynamic music scene in Montreal, bolstered by the rise of post-rock and a boom in electronic music. Despite all that, the pair say, local Montreal stores were very genre-specific.

Their main goal for Atom Heart was — and still is — to stock a carefully hand-picked selection of titles from a wide-variety of genres, as well as offer local labels an outlet. The shop also provides a personalized special-order service for items that they may not have in stock so you can get almost anything here.

And Can Records is very much a destination. Independently run by Martin Aalykke Kristiansen and his wife, the shop has built a reputation as the go to for dealers and DJs passing through the Danish capital. But anyone looking to spend a day elbow deep in dusty crates will be disappointed. All killer, then. What you can expect is the finest selection of early electronic, ambient, new wave, disco, rare groove and world records for the head and the feet.

Just let Martin take you there. Among the veterans of that campaign, there was a consensus that only combat could adequately prepare the soldier, regardless of the quality of training received earlier. The Brazilians joined what was a multinational hodgepodge of forces. French forces included Senegalese, Moroccans and Algerians. The Germans made much of the political aspect of the presence of the Brazilian force in Italy. They targeted propaganda specifically at the Brazilians.

The first missions the Brazilians undertook in close connection with the US th RCT , were reconnaissance operations to the end of August. Two days later it also took Camaiore and other small towns on the way north. By then, the FEB had already conquered Monte Prano, and taken control of the Serchio valley without any major casualties. After having suffered its first reverses around Barga city, and after the arrival of the 1st RCT at the end of October, the FEB was directed to the base of the Northern Apennines , on the border between Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna regions, where it would spend the next months facing the harsh winter and the resistance of the Gothic Line.

Between the end of February and the beginning of March , in preparation for the Spring offensive , the Brazilian Division and the US 10th Mountain Division were able to capture important positions on the Northern Apennines noteworthy in the Brazilian sector, for Monte Castello and Castelnuovo , which deprived the Germans of key artillery positions in the mountains, whose effective fire had since the fall of blocked the Allied path to Bologna.

After the first day of the Allied offensive, the Germans, without much effort, had stopped the main attack of IV Corps led by the US 10th Mountain Division, causing significant casualties among the troops of that formation. The Germans were misled into thinking that the FEB's raid over Montese, using M8 armoured cars and Sherman Tanks , could be the real main Allied objective in that sector, which led them to shell the Brazilians with 1, artillery rounds from the total of 2, used against all four Allied divisions in that sector during the days of the battle for Montese, [38] when they tried unsuccessfully to take Montese back from the Brazilians.

After that, the breaking of the Germans' lines to the North by forces of IV Corps became unavoidable. On 25 April the Italian resistance movement started a general partisan insurrection at the same time as Brazilian troops arrived at Parma and the Americans at Modena and Genoa. The British 8th Army advanced towards Venice and Trieste.

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These Axis troops were enveloped near Fornovo and after some fighting surrendered. On April 28, the Brazilians captured more than 13, men, including the entire th Infantry Division , elements of the 90th Panzergrenadier and the Italian 1st 'Italia' Bersaglieri Division. This took the German Command by surprise as it had planned for these troops to join forces with the German-Italian Army of Liguria to counterattack against the Fifth Army.

Fifth Army had advanced, as is inevitable in these situations, in a fast but diffuse and disarranged way uncoordinated with air support, and had left some gaps on its left flank and to the rear. The Axis forces had left many bridges intact along the Po River to facilitate a counter-attack. German Army Command was already negotiating a truce in Caserta , and hoped that a counterattack would improve the conditions for surrender. The events in Fornovo disrupted the German plan, as much by the disarray of their troops as by the delay it caused.

In their final advance, the Brazilians reached Turin and then on 2 May they joined up with French troops at the border in Susa.

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That same day brought the announcement of the end of hostilities in Italy. Its commanding Officer was Ten. Aviation Lieutenant Colonel Nero Moura. The group had men, including 48 pilots. The CO of the group and some officers were not attached to any specific flight. One of them was Alberto M. Among the 48 pilots of the Brazilian Unit who carried out war missions, there was a total of 22 losses; five of the pilots were killed by anti-aircraft fire, eight had their planes shot down and bailed out over enemy territory, six had to give up flying operations on medical orders and three died in flying accidents.

The group trained for combat at U. On May 11, , the group was declared operational and became active in the air defense of the Panama Canal Zone. The Brazilian pilots initially flew from 31 October , as individual elements of flights attached to th FG squadrons, at first in affiliation flights and progressively taking part in more dangerous missions. Less than two weeks later, on November 11, the Brazilian Squadron started its own operations flying from its base at Tarquinia , using its tactical callsign Jambock. By then, the strength of the "Group" had fallen to the standard size of an air squadron: 23 pilots, since some had been killed, others shot down and captured, while others had been relieved from their duties on medical grounds due to wounds or fatigue combat.

On 22 April , the three remaining flights took off at 5-minute intervals, starting at AM, to destroy bridges, barges, and motorized vehicles in the San Benedetto region. At AM, a flight took off for an armed reconnaissance mission south of Mantua. They destroyed more than 80 German military vehicles, including tanks. By the end of the day, the Brazilian Squadron had flown 44 individual missions and destroyed a high number of vehicles and barges.


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The 1st Brazilian Fighter Squadron accomplished missions, with a total of 2, flights and 5, hours of flight on active service. It destroyed 1, motor-vehicles, 13 railway waggons, 8 armoured cars, 25 railway and highway bridges and 31 fuel tanks and munition depots. In all, the 1 o GAVCA flew a total of missions, 2, individual sorties, and 5, combat flight hours, from November 11, to May 6, The Brazilians, operating in Italy in support of Allied forces, destroyed in one day April 22, over 45 vehicles, strafed pontoon bridges on the River Po hampering a German retreat and harassed fixed positions of the German forces.

The fighter squadron participated in several actions in support of the Brazilian army division yet was not subject to its command. In contrast, the 1st E. Formed in late July , the 1st E. This air unit accompanied the Brazilian division throughout its Italian campaign. While the Brazilian division still worked in the post-war occupation of the provinces of Piacenza , Lodi and Alessandria , in early June the Brazilian Secretary of War ordered the FEB's units should stay subordinate to the commander of the first military region, based in the city of then capital Rio de Janeiro, which ultimately meant the dissolution of the Expeditionary Division, which was sent back to Brazil along the second half of The bodies of the soldiers buried in the FEB cemetery in Pistoia were later transferred to a mausoleum in Rio de Janeiro.

Marshal Mascarenhas de Moraes had proposed and promoted the construction of the mausoleum and it was inaugurated on July 24, It covers an area of 6, square meters. While the main Brazilian military contribution occurred in the South Atlantic campaign, sending a ground force overseas had more political and social visibility. We can also see that younger generations are progressively better educated than older generations.

Around the World in 80 Men Series by Brandi Ratliff and Rebecca Ratliff

Some embraced his work as representing a quintessential break with the Stalinist past; others saw it as ugly and perverse. Heated debates took place in student dormitories, editorial offices, even city squares, and the queues to get into the exhibition were huge. It was an act of imaginative re-creation involving subjective input on the part of the translator. It was their task to make the film comprehensible — emotionally as well as literally — to Soviet viewers, and sometimes heroic measures were called for. Soviet dubbing directors aimed to make their versions better than the originals — psychologically deeper and emotionally more transparent.

While the number of Soviet tourists going to the West remained comparatively small, it was growing, and many Soviet writers were among the tourists.

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They wrote of the great cities of Europe as intimately familiar, through their representation in literature and painting, but at the same time miraculously unknown. The Soviet love affair with the West was bound to end in disappointment.

go to link Once Russians were free to travel, even to emigrate and live in Paris for good if they could afford it, Paris was no longer a dream. That is one of the paradoxes of the situation she describes. The love affair with Western culture did not, as might first have appeared, involve a repudiation of Sovietness. On the contrary, to love Western culture was a token of Soviet culturedness kulturnost , something to be expected of every educated and cultivated Soviet citizen.

As any visiting foreigner who was ever quizzed about the novels of Walter Scott or Theodore Dreiser and found wanting will attest, Soviet citizens often thought they knew more than Western natives about Western culture or at least the canonical Soviet version , and loved it better — and they were right.

There were Russians who liked capitalism, but these were not the cultured Russians — the Soviet intelligentsia, broadly construed — that Gilburd is writing about. A disclaimer is in order here: in the s, Gilburd studied with me as an undergraduate at the University of Chicago, where she now teaches Soviet history. The underlying nostalgia is for whatever it was in Soviet society that made culture including, but not only, Western culture so important and fostered such strong collective emotions about it.

If only they had done a bit of reading in capitalist marketing theory and grasped the idea of the scarcity principle. What if, instead of making Western culture a scarce commodity — and therefore all the more desirable — they had done the same for Soviet socialism? How attractive socialism might have become if properly rationed and restricted, accessible only to the most worthy, an exotic intermittent presence in Soviet life whose hidden riches were only to be glimpsed.